Will liberalism continue to be successful?
liberal society function as well as it does? Ordinary people and theoreticians complain about it, its proponents
have trouble defending it coherently, and its imminent demise has been announced since long before any of us were born. Nonetheless,
it is more widespread and firmly rooted than ever and in its development it goes from victory to victory. Most people aren’t willing
to say so explicitly, but it is generally viewed as the final form of human society, a permanent achievement that has definitively
triumphed and can never be superseded.
What is going on? Is liberalism strong in spite of seeming weakness or weak in spite of seeming strength? It is difficult to view
such a dominant outlook from a perspective that is independent enough to allow assessment of its true strength. Several lines of
thought seem relevant, however:
- Liberalism is associated with other things that counteract its effects and make possible non-traditional ways of doing things,
for example modern natural science and technology, which multiply both wealth and power over nature and society, and thus make up
for weaker social connections.
- It is farthest advanced in the societies that can afford it, those with steady and lawful habits, and it finds methods—public
education, bureaucratic careerism, development and centralization of the media of communication, weakening of independent forms of
social organization—to keep the habits of the people in line with its requirements.
- It is a tendency rather than a system, and on the whole has moved slowly and cautiously. It has generally avoided pushing its
principles to the limit and destroying completely the things it opposes but depends upon, such as traditional family and similar
relationships. Also, it develops partial substitutes for what it destroys. Even though liberalism can’t base family relations on
anything but contract or arbitrary sentimental attachment, and therefore has no way to understand sexual differences, it took
hundreds of years for it to draw the obvious conclusions with regard to sex roles and homosexuality, and then only when it seemed
possible to fill the gap created by family disorder with bureaucratized social services and daycare, including a greatly expanded
system of public “education,” and to some extent to substitute immigration for childbearing.
As time has passed and antiliberal institutions and views fallen into disarray liberal restraint has weakened greatly. The ’60s were
decisive in that process. It seems therefore that post-60s liberationist liberalism can’t appeal to the long historical success of
preceeding forms of liberalism as reason to think it will be similarly successful. That is the element of truth in neoconservatism.
So what now? The liberal democracies continue to prosper economically and grow in power relative to the rest of the world. No
real alternative to liberalism has appeared. Nonetheless failures are appearing that seem likely to be decisive in the coming
decades because in principle they make it impossible for liberal society to continue and it’s quite unclear what resources there are
in liberal society that will make it possible to deal with them. The most notable of these is the inability of liberal society to
reproduce itself, culturally—the corruption of education, intellectual life and even science is a serious matter—or even
physically. Another is the increasing inability of liberal elites to think or engage in self-limitation or self-criticism. Another
is growing corruption and self-seeking in public life. Again, the problem is not so much that these things are problems as that
it appears that as liberalism develops it becomes less and less able to deal with them.
Still, a system that is dead in principle can stumble on a surprisingly long time if nothing is available to replace it. So the
key question for the next few decades is likely to be whether ways of life at odds with liberalism—radical Islam or traditionalist
Christianity, for example—will be attractive enough to gain and hold enough adherents to give liberalism genuine competition.
Posted by Jim Kalb at June 04, 2002 05:07 PM | Send
This is a promising beginning for an article or book I suggested to Mr. Kalb some time ago, which would explore HOW the liberal system functions so well despite the fact that it is based on manifest lies and suppression of truth, along with the question of how long it can continue functioning. No such study exists as far as I know.
The point about science is fascinating. As Mr. Kalb has often pointed out, liberalism is an application of the scientific mindset to politics. But liberalism also advances the belief in human equality, which ultimately undermines science (1) by demanding that all racial groups and both sexes play an equally important role in science; (2) by suppressing scientific truth that disproves the belief in human equality; and (3) by challenging the very idea of objectively validated truth because it “privileges” some “truths” over others, a view that undermines science itself.